Senin, 11 Oktober 2010

Banyak orang melihat musik sebagai salah satu bentuk apresiasi seni, sebagian lagi memandangnya sebagai sarana rekreasi dimana dengan mendengarkan dan menikmatinya, seseorang akan merasakan ketenangan sesuai dengan warna musik yang disukainya. Bahkan suatu penelitian menyebutkan bahwa bayi dalam kandungan yang menjalani terapi mendengarkan musik klasik akan memiliki kecenderungan kecerdasannya akan meningkat bila telah tumbuh dewasa.
Sebagai salah satu barometer musik di Indonesia, Jawa Timur dikenal telah banyak mencetak musisi berbakat di negeri ini. Kota Malang sebagai salah satu kota besar di Jawa Timur kini telah berubah menjadi kota dengan industri musik yang semakin berkembang. Banyak sekali muncul band-band berkualitas dari kota ini, dan tidak sedikit yang muncul ke pentas nasional dan eksis sebagai band papan atas negeri ini. Hal ini kemudian banyak dilirik oleh berbagai pihak, terutama yang berhubungan dengan industri musik maupun dunia hiburan. Banyak event-event yang dilaksanakan yang bertujuan untuk menyaring talenta-talenta baru dalam dunia musik dan hiburan.
Ekspetasi konsumen juga telah berkembang pesat seiring dengan dengan semaraknya hiburan di kota ini. Kebutuhan ini akhirnya menciptakan suatu peluang baru dimana muncul suatu permintaan akan kebutuhan hiburan yang benar-benar inovatif dan kreatif. Dari sinilah kemuadian banyak bermunculan berbagai usaha yang menawarkan jasa berbasis hiburan. Mulai dari Event Organizer, Café, Pub, Band, DJ, Dancer dll. Kini bisnis hiburan merupakan salah satu bisnis yang berpeluang dan cukup menjanjikan. Perkembangan pasar konsumen merupakan alasan kuat dari tujuan itu.
Read More

Minggu, 25 April 2010

Frank Sinatra

Sinatra was born in Hoboken, New Jersey as the only child of Italian immigrants Natalie Della (née Garaventa) and Antonio Martino Sinatra. He left high school without graduating, having attended only 47 days before being expelled because of his rowdy conduct. His mother, known as Dolly, was influential in the neighborhood and in local Democratic Party circles, but also ran an illegal abortion business from her home; she was arrested several times and convicted twice for this offense. Frank was arrested for carrying on with a married woman, a criminal offense at the time. Frank's father Tony served with the Hoboken Fire Department. During the tough years of the 1930s, when the Great Depression hit North America, Dolly nevertheless provided ready pocket money to Frank, the family's only child, for outings with friends and fancy clothes. Frank then worked for some time as a delivery boy at the Jersey Observer newspaper, and as a riveter at the Tietjan and Lang shipyard. It was in the early 1930s that Sinatra began singing in public.
Read More
READ MORE - Frank Sinatra

Senin, 19 April 2010


Better known in the Western world as Saladin, was aKurdish Muslim who became the first Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He led Islamic opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, he ruled over Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, and Yemen. He led the Muslims against the Crusaders and eventually recaptured Palestine from the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem after his victory in the Battle of Hattin. As such, he is a notable figure in Kurdish, Arab, and Muslim culture. Saladin was a strict adherent of Sunni Islam and a disciple of the Qadiri Sufi order. Hischivalrous behavior was noted by Christian chroniclers, especially in the accounts of the siege ofKerak in Moab, and despite being the nemesis of the Crusaders he won the respect of many of them, including Richard the Lionheart; rather than becoming a hated figure in Europe, he became a celebrated example of the principles of chivalry.

Kamis, 15 April 2010


1. Broadcaster 700

2. ESQ1 700

3. ESQ2 700

4. No Caster 700

5. Telebration 700
READ MORE - fender-telebration-60th-2010

Sabtu, 27 Maret 2010

7 Habbits of a Highly effective People

Overcoming challenges and achieving the peak of your goals are the two things any remote worker or freelancer face each day. How one responds to these lies in the principle of harnessing skills, creativity, and drive in making sure that any endeavor is more than done.

Habit 1: Be Passionate
Even without an ivy league education, the most successful people in the industry are simply those who are passionate in what they do. If you have a deep love for your craft, there’s absolutely 110% chance of you doing the extraordinary. Don’t be money-driven, but have that ultimate pride in what you do best. Do you know what you’re passionate about? Follow this calling! It won’t let you down.
Habit 2: Learn
Passion will not give you any results if you don’t learn ways to make your dream come true. Highly effective freelancers know that they have a constant need for change and improvement, that there will always be others who are more knowledgeable. Learn from your own experiences and mistakes. Unlearn those that didn’t work and re-learn new things that will help you solve issues.
Habit 3: Communicate and Collaborate
Working remotely doesn’t mean you have to shut yourself down and do it alone. Have a frequent and regular communication with your clients or team. Even a few minutes of small talk can inspire great ideas. Also, don’t hesitate to ask for help. Collaborate with everyone and keep them updated too. Who says that you can’t have teamwork in cyber space?
Habit 4: Take the Initiative
Don’t just sit there staring in front of your PC, hoping that an interview invite will pop in your inbox. Instead, take the initiative to find freelance and remote work opportunities out there. Make that Pitch! Who can ever imagine that someone tweeting why twitter should hire him has indeed landed a job with Twitter? Learn the art of selling yourself and don’t ever sell yourself short.
Habit 5: Focus on Quality
Highly effective freelancers know that putting more value to their work means better results. Quality is the very thin line that defines those who excel in their fields and those who don’t. Avoid those bang-for-the-buck deals and focus on giving the best efforts to produce extraordinary results. The payoff is a more than satisfied service buyer who will not only rehire you for future projects, but who will spread the word about you as well.
Habit 6: Have the Courage to Say NO
Over-commitment to a project is fine, as long as it doesn’t eat away your personal life. There is nothing wrong in looking for opportunities that will enhance your work portfolio. Don’t just overdo it. Be realistic with what you can really do and how much time you plan to invest doing it. The last thing you want is being burned out, on top of irate clients who are dismayed at your work.
Habit 7: Be a Leader
Even if you’re a member of a team, show leadership in everything that you do. This means being pro active and truly listening to what the clients want. This will help you manage your time properly, helping you craft the perfect solutions for the job. Shine in the limelight with your leadership skills and for sure, clients will really take notice.

In the end, being a highly effective freelancer is simply going the extra mile – in everything you do for yourself and for others. Ajeva can only help you with the right tools, technology, collaboration, and guidance to help jump start your career, but you are the one who will set your standards high: Will you be just another face in the crowd?
READ MORE - 7 Habbits of a Highly effective People

Selasa, 23 Februari 2010


Robert Nesta "Bob" Marley (February 6, 1945 – May 11, 1981) was a Jamaican singer-songwriter and musician. He was the lead singer, songwriter and guitarist for the ska, rocksteady and reggae bands The Wailers (1964–1974) and Bob Marley & The Wailers (1974–1981). Marley remains the most widely known and revered performer of reggae music, and is credited for helping spread both Jamaican music and the Rastafari movement to a worldwide audience.
Marley's best known hits include "I Shot the Sheriff", "No Woman, No Cry", "Could You Be Loved", "Stir It Up", "Jamming", "Redemption Song", "One Love" and, together with The Wailers, "Three Little Birds", as well as the posthumous releases "Buffalo Soldier" and "Iron Lion Zion". The compilation album, Legend (1984), released three years after his death, is reggae's best-selling album, being 10 times Platinum (Diamond) in the U.S., and selling 20 million copies worldwide.

Bob Marley was born in the small village of Nine Mile in Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica as Nesta Robert Marley. A Jamaican passport official would later swap his first and middle names. His father, Norval Sinclair Marley, was a Jamaican of English descent, whose family came from Essex, England. Norval was a captain in the Royal Marines, as well as a plantation overseer, when he married Cedella Booker, an Afro-Jamaican then 18 years old. Norval provided financial support for his wife and child, but seldom saw them, as he was often away on trips. In 1955, when Marley was 10 years old, his father died of a heart attack at age 60. Marley was teased as a youth because of his mixed racial origins, and faced questions about his own racial identity throughout his life. He once reflected: "I don't have prejudice against meself. My father was a white and my mother was black. Them call me half-caste or whatever. Me don't dip on nobody's side. Me don't dip on the black man's side nor the white man's side. Me dip on God's side, the one who create me and cause me to come from black and white."Although Marley recognized his mixed ancestry, throughout his life and because of his beliefs, he self-identified as a black African. In songs such as "Black Survivor", "Babylon System", and "Blackman Redemption", Marley sings about the struggles of blacks and Africans against oppression from the West or "Babylon".
Marley became friends with Neville "Bunny" Livingston (later known as Bunny Wailer), with whom he started to play music. He left school at the age of 14 to make music with Joe Higgs, a local singer and devout Rastafari. It was at a jam session with Higgs and Livingston that Marley met Peter McIntosh (later known as Peter Tosh), who had similar musical ambitions. In 1962, Marley recorded his first two singles, "Judge Not" and "One Cup of Coffee", with local music producer Leslie Kong. These songs, released on the Beverley's label under the pseudonym of Bobby Martell, attracted little attention. The songs were later re-released on the box set, Songs of Freedom, a posthumous collection of Marley's work.


The Wailers
In 1963, Bob Marley, Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, Junior Braithwaite, Beverley Kelso, and Cherry Smith formed a ska and rocksteady group, calling themselves "The Teenagers". They later changed their name to "The Wailing Rudeboys", then to "The Wailing Wailers", at which point they were discovered by record producer Coxsone Dodd, and finally to "The Wailers". By 1966, Braithwaite, Kelso, and Smith had left The Wailers, leaving the core trio of Bob Marley, Bunny Wailer, and Peter Tosh. In 1966, Marley married Rita Anderson, and moved near his mother's residence in Wilmington, Delaware in the United States for a short time, during which he worked as a DuPont lab assistant and on the assembly line at a Chrysler plant, under the alias Donald Marley.
Upon returning to Jamaica, Marley became a member of the Rastafari movement, and started to wear his trademark dreadlocks (see the religion section for more on Marley's religious views). After a conflict with Dodd, Marley and his band teamed up with Lee "Scratch" Perry and his studio band, The Upsetters. Although the alliance lasted less than a year, they recorded what many consider The Wailers' finest work. Marley and Perry split after a dispute regarding the assignment of recording rights, but they would remain friends and work together again.Between 1968 and 1972, Bob and Rita Marley, Peter Tosh and Bunny Wailer re-cut some old tracks with JAD Records in Kingston and London in an attempt to commercialize The Wailers' sound. Bunny later asserted that these songs "should never be released on an album … they were just demos for record companies to listen to." Also in 1968, Bob and Rita visited the Bronx to see Johnny Nash's songwriter Jimmy Norman. A three day jam session with Norman and others, including Norman's co-writer Al Pyfrom, resulted in a 24-minute tape of Marley performing several of his own and Norman-Pyfrom's compositions which is, according to Reggae archivist Roger Steffens, rare in that it was influenced by pop rather than reggae, as part of the effort to break Marley into American charts. According to an article in The New York Times, Marley experimented on the tape with different sounds, adopting a doo-wop style on "Stay With Me" and "the slow love song style of 1960's artists" on "Splish for My Splash". The Wailers' first album, Catch a Fire, was released worldwide in 1973, and sold well. It was followed a year later by Burnin', which included the songs "Get Up, Stand Up" and "I Shot the Sheriff". Eric Clapton made a hit cover of "I Shot the Sheriff" in 1974, raising Marley's international profile. The Wailers broke up in 1974 with each of the three main members going on to pursue solo careers. The reason for the breakup is shrouded in conjecture; some believe that there were disagreements amongst Bunny, Peter, and Bob concerning performances, while others claim that Bunny and Peter simply preferred solo work.
Bob Marley & The Wailers
Despite the breakup, Marley continued recording as "Bob Marley & The Wailers". His new backing band included brothers Carlton and Aston "Family Man" Barrett on drums and bass respectively, Junior Marvin and Al Anderson on lead guitar, Tyrone Downie and Earl "Wya" Lindo on keyboards, and Alvin "Seeco" Patterson on percussion. The "I Threes", consisting of Judy Mowatt, Marcia Griffiths, and Marley's wife, Rita, provided backing vocals. In 1975, Marley had his international breakthrough with his first hit outside Jamaica, "No Woman, No Cry", from the Natty Dread album. This was followed by his breakthrough album in the United States, Rastaman Vibration (1976), which spent four weeks on the Billboard Hot 100. In December 1976, two days before "Smile Jamaica", a free concert organized by the Jamaican Prime Minister Michael Manley in an attempt to ease tension between two warring political groups, Marley, his wife, and manager Don Taylor were wounded in an assault by unknown gunmen inside Marley's home. Taylor and Marley's wife sustained serious injuries, but later made full recoveries. Bob Marley received minor wounds in the chest and arm. The shooting was thought to have been politically motivated, as many felt the concert was really a support rally for Manley. Nonetheless, the concert proceeded, and an injured Marley performed as scheduled, two days after the attempt. When asked why, Marley responded, "the people who are trying to make this world worse aren’t taking a day off. How can I?" The members of the group Zap Pow, which had no radical religious or political beliefs, played as Bob Marley's backup band before a festival crowd of 80,000 while members of The Wailers were still missing or in hiding.
Marley left Jamaica at the end of 1976 for England, where he spent two years in self imposed exile. Whilst there he recorded his Exodus and Kaya albums. Exodus stayed on the British album charts for 56 consecutive weeks. It included four UK hit singles: "Exodus", "Waiting in Vain", "Jamming", and "One Love" (a rendition of Curtis Mayfield's hit, "People Get Ready"). During his time in London, he was arrested and received a conviction for possession of a small quantity of cannabis . In 1978, Marley returned to Jamaica and performed at another political concert, the One Love Peace Concert, again in an effort to calm warring parties. Near the end of the performance, by Marley's request, Michael Manley (leader of then ruling People's National Party) and his political rival Edward Seaga (leader of the opposing Jamaica Labour Party), joined each other on stage and shook hands.
Under the name Bob Marley and the Wailers eleven albums were released, four live albums and seven studio albums. The releases included Babylon by Bus, a double live album with 13 tracks, was released in 1978 to critical acclaim. This album, and specifically the final track "Jammin'" with the audience in a frenzy, captured the intensity of Marley's live performances. Survival, a defiant and politically charged album, was released in 1979. Tracks such as "Zimbabwe", "Africa Unite", "Wake Up and Live", and "Survival" reflected Marley's support for the struggles of Africans. His appearance at the Amandla Festival in Boston in July 1979 showed his strong opposition to South African apartheid, which he already had shown in his song "War" in 1976. In early 1980, he was invited to perform at the April 17 celebration of Zimbabwe's Independence Day. Uprising (1980) was Bob Marley's final studio album, and is one of his most religious productions, including "Redemption Song" and "Forever Loving Jah". Confrontation, released posthumously in 1983, contained unreleased material recorded during Marley's lifetime, including the hit "Buffalo Soldier" and new mixes of singles previously only available in Jamaica.

In July 1977, Marley was found to have acral lentiginous melanoma, a form of malignant melanoma, in a wound reportedly picked up in a friendly football match[27] After the album Uprising was released in May 1980 the band completed a major tour of Europe, where they played their biggest ever concert, to a hundred thousand people in Milan. After the tour Marley went to America, where he performed two shows at Madison Square Garden as part of the Uprising Tour. Shortly afterwards his health deteriorated and he became very ill, the cancer had spread throughout his body. The rest of the tour was cancelled and Marley sought treatment at the Bavarian clinic of Josef Issels, where he received a controversial type of cancer therapy partly based on avoidance of certain foods, drinks and other substances. After fighting the cancer without success for eight months he boarded a plane for his home in Jamaica.
Death and posthumous reputation
While flying home from Germany to Jamaica, accepting that he was going to die, Marley's vital functions worsened. After landing in Miami, he was taken to hospital for immediate medical attention. He died at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in Miami on the morning of May 11, 1981, at the age of 36. The spread of melanoma to his lungs and brain caused his death. His final words to his son Ziggy were "Money can't buy life." Marley received a state funeral in Jamaica on May 21, 1981, which combined elements of Ethiopian Orthodoxy and Rastafari tradition. He was buried in a chapel near his birthplace with his red Fender Stratocaster (some accounts say it was a Gibson Les Paul ). A month before his death, he had also been awarded the Jamaican Order of Merit.
In 1994 Marley was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and in 1999 Time magazine chose Bob Marley & The Wailers' Exodus as the greatest album of the 20th century. In 2001, he was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and a feature-length documentary about his life, Rebel Music, won various awards at the Grammys. With contributions from Rita, The Wailers, and Marley's lovers and children, it also tells much of the story in his own words. A statue was inaugurated, next to the national stadium on Arthur Wint Drive in Kingston to commemorate him. In 2006, the State of New York renamed a portion of Church Avenue from Remsen Avenue to East 98th Street in the East Flatbush section of Brooklyn "Bob Marley Boulevard".

Bob Marley had a number of children: three with his wife Rita, two adopted from Rita's previous relationships, and several others with different women.

Sabtu, 13 Februari 2010


Muhammad (Arabic: محمد, Mohammad, Mohammed, Orientalist: Mahomet, Mahomed) (570 / 571 - 632 AD) is a carrier of the teachings of Islam, and believed by the faithful Muslims as a prophet of Allah (the Messenger) the latter. According to traditional Muslim biography (in Arabic called Sirat), estimated he was born 20 April 570 / 571, in Mecca ( "Mecca") and died on June 8 632 in Medina. Both cities are located in the Hejaz (Saudi Arabia today). Michael H. Hart, in his book The 100, set Muhammad as the most influential figures in human history. According to Hart, Muhammad is the only person who managed to achieve remarkable success both in terms of religious and worldly things. He leads a nation that initially underdeveloped and fragmented, the developed nations that could even defeat the Romans on the battlefield.

"Muhammad" in Arabic means "he who praised". Muslims believe that the teachings of Islam brought by Muhammad is the perfection of the religions brought by previous prophets. They called him the title Apostle of Allah (رسول الله), and add a sentence sallallaahu alayhi wasallam (صلى الله عليه و سلم, which means "may God give him happiness and safety"; often abbreviated as "SAW" or "SAW") after his name. Besides the Qur'an in Surah As-Saff (Surah 61:6) refers to Muhammad as "Ahmad" (أحمد), which in Arabic also means "admirable".

The genealogy of Muhammad from his parents back to Kilab bin Murra bin Ka'b bin Lu'ay bin Ghalib bin Fahr (Quraish) ibn Malik ibn an-NAdr (Qais) bin bin bin Khuzaiman Kinanah Mudrikah (Amir) bin Elias bin Nizar bin fading ibn Ma `ad ibn Adnan. [3] Where is Adnan male descendants to the seventh from Ismail bin Ibrahim, the descendants of Sam son of Noah. [4] Muhammad was born on Monday, 12 Jumadil Earlier this year 571 AD (known as the Year of the Elephant).

The authors Sirah (biography) of Muhammad is generally agreed that he was born in the Year of the Elephant, the year 570 AD Muhammad was born in the city of Mecca, in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, a place that when it is the most backward regions in the world, far from the center of trade, arts, and science. His father, Abdullah, died on the way trade in Yathrib, when Muhammad was still in the womb. He left the property five camels, a flock of sheep and a slave woman named Umm Ayman who then take care of the Prophet.
By the time Muhammad was six years old, his mother Aminah bint Wahab took him to Yathrib (Madinah) to visit his family and visit the grave of his father. But on the way home, her mother fell ill. After a few days, Aminah died in Abwa 'is located not far from Yathrib, and was buried there. After her mother died, Muhammad kept by his grandfather,' Abd al-Muttalib. After her grandfather died, he was guarded by his uncle, Abu Talib. When he is asked to herding his goats around Mecca and often accompanied his uncle in the domestic affairs of its trading Sham (Syria, Lebanon and Palestine).
Almost all scholars of hadith and historians agree that Muhammad was born in the month of Rabi ', although they disagreed about the date. Among the Shi'a, in accordance with the directions of the priest who is a direct descendant of Muhammad, said that he was born on Friday, 17 Rabi ', while the Sunnis believe that he was born on Monday, 12 Rabi' or (2 August 570 AD).
Met Khadija
When Muhammad reached the age of adolescence and develop into an adult, he began studying the science of martial arts and archery, as well as with the science to increase his skills in the trade. Trade became a common thing and is considered as one of a stable income. Muhammad accompanied his uncle traded northward and soon about honesty and trustworthiness in carrying Mohammed trading business has expanded, making it reliable as a broker dealer merchandise Mecca residents.
Someone who had heard about the young man who was trusted with was a widow named Khadija. He is someone who has a high status in the Arab tribes and Khadija often send goods to various parts of the region in Arabia. Muhammad reputation fascinated making Khadija asked him to take their goods in trade wares. Muhammad promised it would be paid twice and Khadija was impressed with the return of Muhammad with a profit of more than usual.
Finally, Muhammad had fallen in love with Khadija and then they got married. At that moment 25-year-old Muhammad Khadija while approaching the age of 40 years, but he still has a captivating beauty. The difference is very much age and widowhood are owned by Khadija, was not an obstacle for them, because at that time the tribe of Quraysh had customs and culture which emphasizes marriage with a girl rather than a widow. Despite their wealth increased, Muhammad remained a person who has a simple lifestyle, preferring to distribute finances to things that are more important.
When Muhammad was 35 years old, he was united with the people of Quraysh in improving the Kaaba. He also gave them the decision about the laying of Hajar al-Aswad in its place. At that time he was very famous among his people by nature are commendable. He loved his people, until finally he obtained his Al-Amin, which means people can be believed.
Also narrated that Muhammad believed fully with the Esaan God. He lived a very simple manner and nature hates arrogant and conceited. He loved the people poor, widows and orphans, and share the suffering with trying to help them. He also avoids all the usual crime among the Arab nations at the time such as gambling, drinking alcohol, behaving rude etc., so that he became known as As-Saadiq which means True.
Muhammad was born in the midst of a backward society like violence and fighting and by the age of 40, he was often alone into the Cave of Hira 'a cave hill about 6 km east of the city of Mecca, which was identified as Jabal An-Nur. He can engage in days and worship there, and his attitude was considered to be very opposed to the Arab culture of the era, and here he often thought with a deep, pleading to God to eradicate paganism and ignorance.
One night around the 17th of Ramadan / August 6 611, when Muhammad was engage in Hira ', the Angel Gabriel came to him. Gabriel will raise and deliver God's revelation in his ear. He was asked to read. He replied, "I can not read". Gabriel repeated three times to ask for Muhammad to read, but the answer remains the same. Finally, Gabriel said:
" Read in the name of your Lord who created man from a clot. Read, with the name of thy Lord, the Most Gracious, who taught man by means of (writing, reading). He taught man that which he did not know. (Al-Alaq 96: 1-5) "
This is a revelation received first by Muhammad. When he was 40 years 6 months 8 days according to the calculation of lunar year (calendar by month), or 39 years 3 months 8 days according to the calculation of solar year (based on the solar calendar). After a remarkable experience in these Hira, with a sense of fear and anxiety Muhammad went home and cried to Khadija for covered, because he felt his body temperature heat and cold alternately. After it was over, he recounts to his wife.
For more reassuring her husband, Khadija took Muhammad came to his cousin, the Waraqa bin Nawfal, who many know the prophecies about the last prophet of the holy books of Christians and Jews. Hearing the story of Muhammad experienced, Waraqa said, that he had been chosen by God to be a prophet. Then Waraqa mention that An-namus al-Akbar (Angel Gabriel) had come to him, his people will say that he was a fraud, they will be hostile and fight.
Revelation off to him gradually within a period of 23 years. Revelation has been revealed in the order given Muhammad, and collected in a book called Al Manuscripts are also called Al-Qur ʾ an (the reading). Most of the verses have clear meaning, while partly translated and linked with verses another. Some adapula verses translated by Muhammad himself through conversation, action and approval, known as the Sunnah. Al-Quran and Sunnah are combined with a guide and way of life for "those who surrender themselves to God", namely the Islamic religion.
During the first three years, Muhammad spread the religion confined only to close friends and relatives. Most of those who believe and believe the teachings of Muhammad are the members of his family and groups of ordinary people, such as Khadija, Ali, Zaid bin Haritha and Bilal. But at the beginning of the year 613, Muhammad's religion openly declared Islam. Many leaders of the Arabs as Abu Bakr, Uthman ibn Affan, Zubair bin Al-Awwam, Abdul Rahman bin Auf, Ubaidah ibn al-Harith, Amr ibn Nufail converted to Islam and joined Muhammad's defense. All these first Muslims were referred to the As-Sabiqun al-Awwalun.
Due to obstruction of public Jaahiliyyah in Mecca, some Muslims were tortured, abused, abandoned and exiled. Torture experienced by almost all his followers to make the birth of ideas migrate (move) to Habsyah. Negus, king Habsyah, allowing Muslim men emigrated to the country and protect them from the pressure of the authorities in Mecca. Muhammad himself, in the year 622 Hijrah to Medina, the town which is about 200 miles (320 km) north of Mecca.
Hijrah to Madinah
In Mecca there is the Kaaba which was built by Prophet Ibrahim. Masyarakat jahiliyah Arab dari berbagai suku berziarah ke Ka'bah dalam suatu kegiatan tahunan, dan mereka menjalankan berbagai tradisi keagamaan mereka dalam kunjungan tersebut. Arab pagan society of the various tribes on pilgrimage to the Kaaba in an annual activities, and they run the various traditions of their religion in the visit. Muhammad mengambil peluang ini untuk menyebarkan Islam. Muhammad took this opportunity to spread Islam. Di antara mereka yang tertarik dengan seruannya ialah sekumpulan orang dari Yathrib (dikemudian hari berganti nama menjadi Madinah ). Among those who are interested in its call is a collection of people from Yathrib (later renamed Medina). Mereka menemui Muhammad dan beberapa orang Islam dari Mekkah di suatu tempat bernama Aqabah secara sembunyi-sembunyi. They met Mohammed and some Muslims from Mecca at a place called `Aqabah clandestinely. Setelah menganut Islam, mereka lalu bersumpah untuk melindungi Islam, Rasulullah (Muhammad) dan orang-orang Islam Mekkah. After embracing Islam, they took an oath to protect Islam, the Prophet (Muhammad) and Muslim people of Mecca.
In Mecca there is the Kaaba which was built by Prophet Ibrahim. Arab pagan society of the various tribes on pilgrimage to the Kaaba in an annual activities, and they run the various traditions of their religion in the visit. Muhammad took this opportunity to spread Islam. Among those who are interested in its call is a collection of people from Yathrib (later renamed Medina). They met Mohammed and some Muslims from Mecca at a place called `Aqabah clandestinely. After embracing Islam, they took an oath to protect Islam, the Prophet (Muhammad) and Muslim people of Mecca.
the next year, a group of Islamic societies from Yathrib came again to Mecca. They met Muhammad in place before they met. Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib, the uncle who was not yet embraced Islam, attended the meeting. They invited the people of Mecca to Muslims emigrated to Yathrib. Muhammad finally agreed to migrate to the city.
Knowing that many Islamic societies intend to leave Mecca, the pagan of Mecca tried to block his way, because they thought that if allowed to emigrate to Yathrib, the Muslims will have the opportunity to develop their religion into areas other. Having lasted for approximately two months, the Islamic society of Mecca at the end made it safely to Yathrib, later known as Medina or "Madinatun Prophet" (city of the Prophet).
In Medina, the government (caliph) of Islam under the leadership realized Muhammad. Muslims free to worship (prayer) and society in Medina. Quraish of Mecca who know this and launched several attacks to Medina, but all can be overcome by Muslims. A peace treaty later made with the Quraish. Nevertheless, the agreement was later denied by the Quraish attacked by Muslim allies.
Conquest of Mecca
In year 8 after emigrated to Medina, Muhammad went back to Mecca with Muslim army of 10,000 people. Makkah residents are worried then agreed to surrender the city of Mecca without opposition, on the condition that Muhammad returned the following year. Muhammad agreed, and when the next year he returned so he conquered Mecca peacefully. Muhammad led the Muslims perform the pilgrimage, destroy all the idols around the Kaaba, and then gave a general amnesty and enforcing the rules of Islam in Mecca.
Like the previous prophets and messengers, Muhammad was given the prophetic miracles before and during the prophetic. In Islamic law, Muhammad is the greatest miracle of the Qur'an. In addition, Muhammad is believed by Muslims has split the moon in the spread of Islam in Mecca and perform Isra and Mi `raj in less than one day. Another capability that Muhammad is his intelligence possessed about science
The characteristics of Muhammad
Ali ibn Abi Talib specify the physical characteristics and appearance of Muhammad's daily life, Ali said, "Prophet Muhammad is not too high nor too short. Berpostur beautiful among his people, not too fat nor too thin. Perawakannnya well as a handsome man . He's not fat, not small, round face, his skin pinkish white, black eyes, long eyelashes. Bone head and shoulder bone between the two big, soft body hair extends from the navel to the chest. Her hair was a little, both hands and thick soles.
If walking is never stuck his feet, he walked with quick and sure.When turned, he turned his face and body simultaneously. In between his shoulders there is a prophetic sign and indeed he is the Seal of the Prophets. He was the most generous, most charitable, most honest words, most responsible and best of her social." Anyone who hang out with him would be like. "
Every person who met Muhammad would have said, "I've never seen anyone who seemed, both before and after." That Muhammad in the eyes of the audience, because he is very noble berakhlah as depicted in the Qur'an,
" "And thou virtuous really great character." (Al-Qalam: 4) ” "
Narrated in Bukhari, Muhammad is described as a white person. Dikisahkan oleh Ismail bin Abi Khalid , "I heard Abu Juhaifa said," I saw the Prophet and al-Hasan ibn Ali looked like she was. "Aku berkata pada Abu Juhaifa, "I said to Abu Juhaifa," Let me describe the figure of the prophet. "He said," He's white and black with a gray beard and white. He promised to bought our 13 female camels, she was already dead Tapu first before we accept it. "
About the hair dyed with henna (red hair dye). "Obviously I see Rasulallah dyed her hair with henna and that is why akupun dyed my hair with henna."
During his life Muhammad married 11 or 13 women (there are differences of opinion on this). At the age of 25 years he married Khadija, which lasted for 25 years until Khadija died. [8] The marriage was described as very happy, so that when the death of Khadijah (that coincide with the death of Abu Talib, his uncle) called the year sorrow.
After the death of Khadija, Muhammad suggested by Khawla bint Hakim, that he should marry Sawda bint Zama (a widow) or Aisha (daughter of Abu Bakr, in which Muhammad finally marry the two. Then after that Muhammad married several women noted again that achieving a total of eleven people, where nine are still alive after the death of Muhammad.
The historians among others Watt and Esposito argue that most of the marriage intended to strengthen political ties (according to the Arab culture), or providing livelihood for widows (then the widow is more difficult to marry because of a culture that emphasizes marriage with a virgin)
The difference with the previous prophets and messengers
In his preaching mission, Muslims believe that Muhammad was sent by God to be a prophet for all mankind (Qur'an 34: 28), whereas the previous prophets and messengers were sent only to his people each (Surah 10:47, 23:44) as Moses as sent by God to the Children of Israel.
Meanwhile, in common with the previous prophets and messengers is the same teaching Tawheed, which is testimony that the God that exists or is just diibadahi God (Surah 21:25).
READ MORE - Muhammad